Reasonable and Prudent Practices for Stabilization (RAPPS) of Oil and Gas Construction Sites
An oil and gas industry technical working group comprised of API members, independents, and trade association representatives, convened over two years ago by API, recently finalized a guidance document on stormwater. The new 2009 guidance will serve as a readily applicable tool for operators to use to efficiently and effectively maximize control of stormwater discharges at oil and natural gas exploration and production activities throughout the contiguous U.S.
RAPPS Guidance Document
Size: 5.12 MB| Date: September 9, 2009 | License: Free
API recently completed a Summary of Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2EOR) Injection Well Technology. This important Background Report identifies the technologies and operating practices that have been developed by the oil and gas industry for injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). These technologies and practices have been developed specifically for use in CO2 EOR; however, the oil and gas industry's experiences and learnings may be of value in considering the injection of carbon dioxide for the purpose of geologic storage.
During 1996, the American Petroleum Institute (API) conducted a survey of onshore oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) operations and natural gas processing plant operations for the year 1995. The survey sought data on current waste volumes and waste management practices, produced water management, and drilling practices. The 1995 survey was designed to update a similar survey of producers’ waste management practices that was published by API in 1987, and was based on data for 1985. This report provides an evaluation of the results of the 1995 survey pertaining to E&P waste volumes and waste management practices. The survey, prepared by ICF Consulting for API, covers the three primary categories of wastes produced by the oil and gas exploration and production industry.
E & P Waste Management Practices Survey
STRONGER is a non-profit, multi-stakeholder organization whose purpose is to assist states in documenting the environmental regulations associated with the exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas. The name, STRONGER, is an acronym for State Review of Oil and Natural Gas Environmental Regulations. STRONGER was formed in 1999 to reinvigorate and carry forward the state review process begun cooperatively in 1988 by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC).
The exploration and production (E&P) industry uses great care during the handling and disposal of the produced water that is generated as a normal part of oil and gas production. However, unintentional releases can occur. Depending on the chemical composition of the produced water and the nature of the local environment, salts associated with such releases have the potential to impact soils, vegetation, and water resources.
API has published 2 technical resources for assessing the significance of livestock exposure to crude oil in oilfield operations. These documents describe the development of toxicity values and screening guidelines for evaluating risks to livestock. More...
Oil and natural gas exploration and production occur at over 860,000 sites in 33 states. Federal and state governments have imposed regulations on exploration and production industry activity in the United States to protect the environment. While, numerous environmental agencies have regulations that affect these processes, the oil and natural gas exploration and production industry is committed to operate in an environmentally sound manner while protecting the health and safety of its employees and the public
Recycling retired oil and natural gas platforms as artificial reefs has proven to be an effective tool for fisheries management. As offshore platforms reach the end of their useful lives, fishermen and marine biologists expressed concern about the loss of the enhanced fish habitat they create. Following up on the concerns expressed, the Minerals Management Service (MMS) adopted a rigs-to-reefs policy that supports and encourages the reuse of these structures in the development of artificial reefs. Sometimes platforms are toppled in place, and sometimes they are towed to an alternate location and sunk there to create an artificial reef. To date, 151 platforms have been recycled as artificial reefs in the Gulf of Mexico. The rigs-to-reefs program provides all around benefits: for the marine environment, by enhancing fish habitat; for the State, by enhancing recreational and commercial fishing; and for producing companies, through cost savings and beneficial reuse of platforms that otherwise would become scrap metal and material.
Since 1994, the American Petroleum Institute has been an official endorser of the Natural Gas STAR Program, a voluntary partnership between EPA and the oil and gas industry designed to cost-effectively reduce methane emissions. Together, API and Natural Gas STAR are working to promote a common goal of profitably reducing methane emissions in the oil and gas industry.
This site contains useful reports, presentations, software tools and links for developing risk-based screening levels for crude oil (TPH) affected soil at E&P sites.