Pipeline Recommended Practices (RP)
Recommended practices can be purchased or read online.
The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requires pipeline operators to conduct public awareness programs and measure their effectiveness every four years. API RP 1162, Public Awareness Programs for Pipeline Operators, establishes guidelines for operators on development, implementation, and evaluation of public awareness programs in an effort to raise the effectiveness of public awareness programs throughout the industry. One way to measure their effectiveness every four years is through a joint survey. API, AOPL, and INGAA created a survey program for transmission pipeline companies in 2007. To find out more about the survey, what a company can learn from the data, and how you can participate, see Public Awareness Joint Survey Program: Questions and Answers.
RP 1162 Public Awareness Guidelines
The American Petroleum Institute has issued guidance to U.S. pipeline operators to improve public awareness of pipelines. The purpose of the guidelines, known as Recommended Practice 1162 or Public Awareness Programs for Pipeline Operators, is to reduce pipeline accidents, which are often attributable to digging by homeowners, contractors, and farmers. To see Recommended Practice 1162, 2nd Edition, please go to API's Government-Cited and Safety Documents website and register. Proceed to the "Pipeline Operations" section and then access and read RP 1162, 2nd Edition online. If you wish to purchase, please order here.
API RP 1173 - Pipeline Safety Management Systems (SMS)
API RP 1173 provides guidance in developing or maintaining a safety management system. The list below highlights the elements of the system detailed in the RP, all of which are essential for a successful program:
- Leadership and Management Commitment
- Stakeholder Engagement
- Risk Management
- Operational Controls
- Incident Investigation, Evaluation, and Lessons Learned
- Safety Assurance
- Management Review and Continuous Improvement
- Emergency Preparedness and Response
- Competence, Awareness, and Training
- Documentation and Record Keeping
API RP 1175 - Leak Detection Program Management
API RP 1175 is an industry consensus document that provides a risk-based approach to managing a leak detection program, including developing a leak detection culture and strategy, selecting the appropriate leak detection system, and monitoring leak detection program performance. This RP also identifies Control Center procedures, training, and the roles and responsibilities of Control Center personnel, as well as identifying proper testing of equipment and alarms.
API RP 1176
API RP 1176 provides support to pipeline operators in appropriately assessing and managing cracking defects. Focus is given to selecting the most applicable assessment method considering the pipeline condition and the cracking features. Sections are also provided to detail the actions needed based on in-line inspection results received and to determine proper hydrostatic pressure test parameters. Additionally, the document gives guidance for planning, implementing, and improving a company’s crack management program.