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Hydraulic Fracturing Primer: Unlocking America’s Natural Gas Resources

HF Primer 150

Hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling are safely unlocking vast U.S. reserves of oil and natural gas found in shale and other tight-rock formations. Developing energy from shale is an advanced process that uses the latest drilling technologies and equipment. As for what fracking means to the United States – the answers, are security, economic growth and jobs, jobs, jobs.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) details how surging domestic oil production is narrowing net petroleum imports – from 60 percent of what the United States used in 2005 to 45 percent in 2011. This change is driven by production from unconventional reserves using fracking and horizontal drilling.

See the documents below for detailed information about the benefits of hydraulic fracturing.

Hydraulic Fracturing Primer is available in both high and low resolution versions.

PDF Icon  Hydraulic Fracturing Primer - Hi-Res
File Type: pdf | File Size: 13517 kb
PDF Icon Hydraulic Fracturing Primer - Low-Res
File Type: pdf | File Size: 8402 kb

See high and low resolution versions of individual charts below:

Shale and Tight Oil Production

Change is driven by production from unconventional reserves using fracking and horizontal drilling

Permalink with Update Shale and Tight Oil and Gas Prod. - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Shale and Tight Oil and Gas Prod. - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Shale and Tight Oil and Gas Prod. - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Shale and Tight Oil and Gas Prod. - Low-Res

Shale Gas Plays

Unlocking shale gas now guarantees the U.S. more than a 100-year supply of clean-burning natural gas

Permalink with Update Shale Plays in the Lower 48 States - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Shale Plays in the Lower 48 States - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Shale Plays in the Lower 48 States - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Shale Plays in the Lower 48 States - Low-Res

EIA Annual Energy Outlook

Petroleum and Other Liquids Supply and Disposition, Reference Case

Permalink with Update EIA Annual Energy Outlooks 2010-2013 - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update EIA Annual Energy Outlooks 2010-2013 - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update EIA Annual Energy Outlooks 2010-2013 - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update EIA Annual Energy Outlooks 2010-2013 - Low-Res

Jobs and the Economy

How "Fracking" has transformed the U.S. into an energy superpower

Permalink with Update America's Energy Revolution- Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update America's Energy Revolution - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update America's Energy Revolution- Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update America's Energy Revolution - Low-Res

Drilling

There are zero confirmed cases of groundwater contamination connected to the fracturing operation in one million wells hydraulically fractured over the last 60 years

Permalink with Update Drilling - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Drilling- Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Drilling - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Drilling - Low-Res

Stimulation

The fracturing mixture consists primarily of fresh water mixed with some sand and a small proportion of common chemicals

Permalink with Update Stimulation - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Stimulation - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Stimulation - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Stimulation - Low-Res

Federal Regulation

Federal statutes regulate every step of the hydraulic fracturing process

Permalink with Update Federal Regulation - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Federal Regulation - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Federal Regulation - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Federal Regulation - Low-Res

Industry Standards

Existing regulations covering well design requirements and hydraulic fracturing operations are specifically formulated to protect groundwater

Permalink with Update Industry Standards - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Industry Standards  - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Industry Standards - Low Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Industry Standards - Low-Res

Water Protection

Proper well construction provides groundwater protection

Permalink with Update Water Protection - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Protection - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Water Protection - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Protection - Low-Res

Water Usage

Pennsylvania: Annual water usage example

Permalink with Update Water Usage - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Usage - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Water Usage - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Usage - Low Res

Water Treatment Technologies 

Responsible water treatment strategies

Permalink with Update Water Treatment Technologies - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Treatment Technologies - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Water Treatment Technologies- Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Water Treatment Technologies- Low-Res

Methane Leakage

Air emissions and leakage rates

Permalink with Update Methane Leakage - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Methane Leakage - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Methane Leakage - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Methane Leakage - Low-Res

Seismic Event Frequency and Impact thumbnail

Seismic event frequency and impact

Permalink with Update Seismic Activity - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Seismic Activity - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Seismic Activity - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Seismic Activity - Low-Res

Innovations

Innovations promote safety and are environmentally friendly

Permalink with Update Innovations promote safety - Hi-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Innovations promote safety - Hi-Res
Permalink with Update Innovations promote safety - Low-Res (July 2014)
Permalink without Update Innovations promote safety - Low-Res

  • Hydraulic Fracturing