2019 API Pipeline Conference and Control Room Forum
When: April 09, 2019 - April 11, 2019
Where: Pointe Hilton Tapatio Cliffs Hotel and Resort, Phoenix, Arizona
Join API in April 2019 for the annual Pipeline Conference followed by the biennial Control Room Forum. With a wide range of speakers and topics, two events seek to provide timely and relevant information on subjects that include Asset Integrity, Risk Management, Construction Management, Workforce Development and many other topics. We’ll see you in Phoenix.
Presentation Abstracts can be viewed below
3 Aerial Surveillance – It is Finally Time
Eric Bergeron, FlyScan Systems Inc.
This session explores the technical and financial potential to integrate detection of right of way intrusion, geotechnical change, and leaks into the same service package for aerial patrol deployment. Using Artificial Intelligence "deep learning" software tools to access and analyze the “big data” captured during those flights, providing a new audit tool for pipeline integrity and asset acquisition. Today line flyers look outside the plane to find intrusions, changes in topography, and leaks. Technology has matured to the point where these functions can be automated and packaged into one unit, allowing the pilot to concentrate on safe flying. Post flight data analysis, using deep learning artificial intelligence software, indicates areas of concern with an accuracy that cannot be achieved by visual inspection.
7 Creating and driving a Lessons Learned Program in a Pipeline Control Room
Ryan Harris, Jayhawk Pipeline LLC
"Begin presentation with an example of a Lesson Learned- Easily relatable topic that anyone, even those outside the industry would be able grasp. What are Lessons Learned? Jayhawk’s View: This section will address “How Jayhawk Defined Lessons Learned” Why? Original 2009 CRM Rule, 49 CFR 195.446(g), NTSB recommendations. This section will address the multiple regulatory reasons to create a Lessons Learned program. How? This section will address the steps that Jayhawk took to create a Control Room Lessons Learned program. From concept to practice, how we measure culture, and how we are striving to continually improve our shared learning. Where do we go from here? Where Jayhawk’s Lessons Learned program is headed in the future. Conclusion- Short wrap up Q&A"
8 Pipeline Incidents – Dealing with the National Transportation Safety Board in a PHMSA World.
Chris Paul, CAP Self
"The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is most recognized for investigation of aviation accidents but will also interact with PHMSA in investigating significant accidents involving pipelines. For many, the first encounter with NTSB is post-accident. This environment is hostile to learning, and those not trained to deal with the unique issues of NTSB investigations are prone to many mistakes, sometimes with substantial consequences. This course will address what you need to know to understand what happens with the NTSB in the aftermath of a major pipeline accident, and how to prepare. Objectives: Understand the NTSB role, process and interface with PHMSA and other agencies. Plan for issues from NTSB process. Recognize mistakes that frequently occur in the absence of preparation. Identify critical training topics."
11 Implementation of the CRM Program at TRANSPETRO's National Control and Logistics Center (CNCL) in Brazil
Eduardo Merçon, Petrobras Transporte S.A. - TRANSPETRO
TRANSPETRO is responsible for the logistics of moving crude oil, oil products, NG and biofuels across Brazil, through 52 tankers, 47 terminals and over 14,000 km of oil and gas pipelines. CNCL remotely operates 12 terminals and almost all pipelines, which involves 19 operational consoles and nearly 120 controllers working in 8-hour shifts. In order to face this challenge by assuring operational excellence, in 2016 CNCL started to implement a CRM Program based on PHMSA/CRM rules and API RP 1168, currently achieving about 80% adherence to its requirements. This work aims to present the implementation of this program, including work plan and evaluation methodology, as well as its difficulties and importance in a country that still does not have regulations or culture for this process.
12 Data Collection, Data Integration, and Pipeline Depth of Cover
Jeff Barry, Geomorphic Solutions
Pipeline risk management at waterways requires, among other factors, a detailed understanding of pipeline depth of cover. Unfortunately, pipeline depth of cover data is typically one of the most difficult types of waterway data to collect. A variety of traditional approaches, tools and methods are available to pipeline operators to better understand pipeline burial depth. Here, we summarize and assess the implementation, real world challenges, and uncertainties associated with existing methods and introduce "new” approaches for measuring depth of cover. In addition, we present the benefits and opportunities associated with data integration and ground-truthing available data to confidently define and develop a weight of evidence describing pipeline depth of cover.
13 Integrating Competency, OQ, and Technical Training in the Enbridge Liquids Pipelines Business Unit
Scott Sanders, Enbridge
Preparing employees to perform safety critical duties in a manner consistent with internal processes and procedures and external governing regulations is a challenge all pipeline operators face. The Enbridge Liquids Pipelines Technical Training team has developed and implemented an outcome-based training program designed to produce competent individuals capable of performing critical duties in a team environment. This program integrates operator qualification (OQ) and technical training into a single competency based learning solution designed to produce a technical workforce that reliably and consistently performs as expected. This presentation will: describe how competencies are identified; explain how training is aligned with competency; and define how training and evaluation activities for staff performing OQ covered tasks is integrated into the overarching competency program.
14 Control Room Team Training – Lessons Learned by the Enbridge Liquids Pipelines Control Center
Scott Sanders, Enbridge
Team training for control center staff is now a regulatory requirement for all pipeline operators. The Enbridge Liquids Pipelines Technical Training team has been researching, developing, and delivering semi-annual team training sessions for Enbridge Liquids Pipelines Control Center staff since 2013. This presentation will: provide a review of topics covered by Enbridge over the last 5 years; discuss applied learnings from team training in the aviation industry; relate the importance of team training as a key enabler for controllers and support staff to recognize and respond to abnormal and emergency situations; and review lessons learned by the Enbridge training team.
15 Lessons Learned Programs for Pipeline Companies: A Systemic Human Factors Approach to Learning
Charles Alday, Pipeline Performance Group LLC
"Some learn from the mistakes of others, some learn from their own mistakes, some never learn." The author was responsible for a lessons learned program as a component of a human factors and operational excellence program at a pipeline company. This presentation will present practical information on how to develop and implement a lessons learned program. Employees have good work practices and innovative approaches, but most companies do not capture and share those lessons. In the case of adverse work practices, a lessons learned program can be used to avoid recurrence of incidents, In addition, the presentation will describe how a company can measure the effectiveness of a lessons learned program and provide examples of lessons learned from pipeline accidents.
17 Enhancing Pipeline Spill Risk Analysis Through the Use of PHMSA Spill Data Analysis Results
Morgan Henrie, MH Consulting, Inc
Pipeline operating risk-based analysis is a core element of an integrity management program. A key element is defining the risk and likelihood of a release occurring. Defining the likelihood of a specific pipeline release is challenging. One source of comprehensive spill incident information is the US DOT PHMSA hazardous incident database. While very comprehensive, the supplied information cannot be directly extrapolated to a particular pipeline. To address this shortcoming, we use this database to calculate historical PHMSA spill causes defined average spill incident rates and then apply a Bayesian methodology that better defines a probability distribution for those causes. The resulting information is a more reliable predictive incident rates for a particular pipeline and assists the operator define a better risk-based analysis.
19 Debris Management for Fire Responses
Josh Gravenmier, Arcadis
Wildfires devastated residential, educational, and commercial areas within Northern California, generating a debris management issue. To manage the debris removal operations, Arcadis deployed a FEMA compliant Automated Debris Management System which met the necessary data tracking requirements. This application acted as a step-by-step guide for the debris monitors, team leaders, and truck certifiers in the field during the debris and removal process. Further, Arcadis collected information with GPS-enabled electronic tablets, which included critical site information and photos. At project completion, the database then contained all the information captured, including daily activity logs, truck load tracking tickets, site assessments, and closure reports for each participating property, including associated geospatial, laboratory, and site data. These tools may be utilized by pipeline operators to assist in integrity assessments.
20 Mitigating Risk Through The Layers of Protection Analysis
Tony Kim, Chevron Pipeline and Power
While the Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is not a new concept to the petrochemical industry, Chevron Pipe Line adopted this process 3 years ago to ensure safety in the design of our pipeline facilities. LOPA is performed in conjunction with the Hazard and Operability Study considering the frequency of the initiating event along with the Independent Protection Layers in place that could completely mitigate the hazardous scenario from occurring. The LOPA process has helped the project team make consistent decisions on the adequacy of existing or proposed layers of protection against a hazardous scenario. This presentation will provide an overview of the LOPA process and how it can be a useful tool to ensure adequate protection layers are in place to mitigate risk.
21 Practical Use Case for a Quantitative Pipeline Risk Model
Brandon Cavendish, Colonial Pipeline Company
"This presentation will demonstrate how a new quantitative risk model for a transmission pipeline operator is used to screen proposed integrity projects. Using this model, a dollar value equivalent risk reduction resulting from the proposed project is calculated. This reduction, along with the project cost and useful life, are used to calculate a rate of return. This then allows proposed integrity projects to be compared directly to other proposed projects throughout the company using the same financial parameters. This analysis uses a range of input assumptions to ultimately provide a number of different result scenarios which decision makers may then use, along with a sensitivity analysis, to prioritize and determine if a proposed project is justified and represents the best use of available resources."
26 Strategic Utility Damage Prevention: Employing Data to Reduce Excavation-Related Damage to Pipelines
Sarah Magruder Lyle, Common Ground Alliance
Damage to underground facilities is a major challenge faced by operators, and determining the best ways to prevent these incidents may feel like a daunting task. With many potential solutions to consider, it may be challenging to ensure your efforts will protect the facilities you operate. Common Ground Alliance, the national non-profit leader for utility damage prevention, produces the annual DIRT Report that helps all stakeholders better understand why damages occur. Additionally, CGA recently conducted its first national study of excavator awareness of key damage prevention best practices and information. Attendees will be better able to identify specific utility damage data trends that can be useful in targeting key audiences with specific campaigns.
31 Evaluating AC Interference Corrosion Risk and Mitigation Effectiveness on Buried Pipelines
Jamey Hilleary, Elecsys Corporation
This presentation focuses of new tools to remotely monitor AC interference factors, corrosion risk due to AC interference, and effectiveness of AC mitigation systems. Corrosion due to induced AC interference on buried pipelines has become a significant challenge for corrosion management and pipeline integrity programs. New tools and systems designed to provide data enabling continuous monitoring of the significant interference parameters and enabling detection of corrosion risk will be discussed. Additionally, an overview of new monitoring regulations will be discussed along with strategies for use of new technologies to demonstrate regulatory compliance.
32 Team Training – Easier to Say Than to Do
Thomas Miesner, Pipeline Knowledge & Development
Communication, Cooperation, and Collaboration, the hallmarks of effective teams are not just important for controllers and the people they interact with. Listening and working together are important across (and up and down) the organization. This panel will consist of four presenters, three from oil pipeline operating companies and one consultant. The three presenters from oil pipeline operating companies will discuss how they are implementing team training to meet the CRM requirements and how that training is being integrated with the balance of their training. An important component of their presentation will be lessons learned. The consultant will interview pipeline operating companies to compile a listing of best practices across the industry and report on those best practices.
34 Marine Damage Prevention Digital Transformation:
Ty Jenkins, Chevron
The most common cause of damage to subsea infrastructure has been 3rd party activities. For the pipeline industry the most significant threats are caused by anchor damage and dredging. Since 2015 Chevron Pipeline has monitored 3rd party work activities and marine traffic in the Gulf of Mexico from a centralized monitoring console, in an effort to detect and prevent these threats. In collaboration with ETC, CPL is embarking upon the next phase of our damage prevention journey. Through the adoption of data transformation and analysis techniques we are streamlining collection and review processes to identify patterns and trends indicative of high risk activities and new focus areas. It is our goal to provide high quality information to aide in the decision making process.
38 Adding Bank Stability Assessments to a Waterway Crossing Program
Jeff Budzich, Arcadis
Bank instability along waterway crossings can impact the integrity of a pipeline depending on soil conditions and depth of the pipeline, so a programmatic approach coupled with an established waterway crossing program was developed. Utilizing desktop tools, locations with vulnerability due to instability can be screened and prioritized for more detailed assessment. Site specific data can then be collected and integrated into a slope failure rating chart to determine level of action. Depending on the score additional geotechnical investigations might be warranted to support a geotechnical stability analysis. Slope stability analysis may then calculate a factor of safety and ultimately assess whether a slope failure could potentially affect the pipeline under various conditions including rapid drawdown, and as appropriate, contribute to monitoring or mitigations planning.
39 Table Top Drills - Simple, Clear, Decisive and Inclusive
James Bradford, Chevron
"The purpose of conducting tabletop drills is simply not to satisfy industry regulation, but to enhance overall controller performance. The 5 elements to a successful table top drill are: Potential - Gap analysis of controller training program that identifies improvement opportunities. Target - Training is channeled intentionally toward a specific, predetermined target of learning. Repetition - Principles of change are activated and aligned with learning targets through models of practice, exercise and experience. Engagement - Collaboration with cross-functional teams during drills. Steward - Controllers and support staff are not passive recipients of learning, but active stewards with the ability to choose how to apply the lessons to their particular roles. Simply stated, become more proactive than reactive."
41 Anatomy of the Digital Twin
Dustin Watts, Project Consulting Services, Inc.
"Safely operating assets at peak efficiency requires high fidelity views of current state, history, and as-built data. Advancements in remote sensing (Internet of Things/IOT), data visualization (Augmented Reality/AR), Artificial Intelligence (AI, Machine Learning), and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are making digital twins of Pipelines possible. Attributed centerlines are the backbone, as-built documentation the flesh, IOT/SCADA the nervous system, and ultimately AI the mind. Digital twins require firm foundational data. What are the designed operating parameters? Is as-built data traceable, verifiable, and complete? How accurate is location and contextual environment data? For decades, construction produced a stillborn paper twin. This twin is increasingly digital, giving Operations the opportunity to keep it alive and develop its cognition. This presentation discusses realizing digital twins for pipelines."
42 A Reliability Framework for Facilities Integrity Management
Angela Rodayan, Enbridge Pipelines
A reliability approach for the integrity management of facility assets will translate to quantified risk reduction and the optimization of required resources. A Facilities Integrity Reliability Framework includes all parts of the Plan-Do-Check-Act model for process improvement. Through the planning process, asset registers are developed and risk based assessments are carried out via RBI models to determine the risk associated with an asset. Assets meeting established risk criteria are selected and activities are planned to reduce risk to an acceptable level. Following execution, the asset’s residual risk is determined via the RBI model and the asset’s maintenance plan is revised. Effectiveness and efficiency measures are used to determine program suitability and contribute to continuous improvement.
43 Advances in Satellite Data Analytics for Natural Disaster Preparedness and Assessment
Gillian Robert, MDA Geospatial Services
Satellite data and continuous improvements and enhancements to the derived analytical products has resulted in new tools in preparing for and responding to the effects of natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, and wildfires. This presentation will describe the process of collecting and analyzing the data, from baseline collection to establish pre-incident conditions to post-incident monitoring and assessment as the environment returns to static conditions, and present a description of the mathematical models and multiple change algorithms that are applied to the large volume of image archives to extract relevant changes. These analysis tools and products will be related to how they were practically applied to support decisions by pipeline operators to protect and ensure the integrity and safety of pipelines in the affected areas
44 Developing Computed Tomography Technology for Pipeline Inspection
Mark Piazza, Colonial Pipeline Company
This presentation will present the results of research on the initial testing of a prototype computed tomography (CT) system as a method for providing consistently accurate 3D profile measurements of seam anomalies. Other pipeline features are also evaluated to a lesser extent. The research includes a comparison of destructive testing data and direct measurement of anomaly characteristics to the CT results as a means of establishing performance capabilities and validating the technology. The initial performance of the prototype CT scanning system shows that the systems are capable of producing detailed, high-resolution images of anomalies in pipelines that represent some of the primary integrity threats being addressed in the industry.
45 How to Optimize Alarm Management in the Control Room to Support Emergency Response
Russel Treat, EnerSys Corp
"Control room managers wrestle with a common question - how many alarms are too many? And, will controllers be able to retain situational awareness when supporting emergency response? It’s about the quality of the alarm analysis and rationalization, not the number of logs generated in your system. The quality over quantity approach supports commentary from PHMSA about each operator needing to determine and establish the alarm response strategy that best fits their operation. Russel Treat will discuss optimizing your alarm management program to better support both alarm and emergency response, utilizing your training to support improved rationalization, aligning your documentation with alarm details to improve response time, and creating a proper audit trail to support compliance."
46 Managing Shift Worker Fatigue
Stephen Maddox, User Centered Design Services
Shift workers work rotating shifts, long hours, and are constantly throwing off their Circadian clock. The side effect, fatigue, human error, impaired judgement, stress, and health issues. In order to reduce incidents, prevent accidents, and be "fit for work: everyone should have a Fatigue Risk Management Plan, a written document, that provides rules, policies, and is the basis of a fatigue management program that educate shift workers, management, new policies, and provides remedies that mitigate fatigue and helps you manage it. What is a fatigue risk management plan and how can you reduce fatigue, manage symptoms, improve productivity, and prevent a fatigue related incident?
47 Alternative Corrosion Mitigation for Out-of-Service Pipelines
Kelly Baker, Northern Technologies
Whether a new pipeline, post-hydrotest, or an existing line that will be drained and mothballed or abandoned, traditional corrosion protection methods have dried and/or purged the line with inert gas. In the past 2 years, commercially available Vapor Corrosion Inhibitors (VCIs) have been used as an alternative to Nitrogen, allowing "Air" to be used to push pigs in new pipelines. This presentation will overview how VCIs can be used and the results that have been seen from preliminary testing to a thousand miles of installations. Both piggable and non-piggable applications will be addressed. Improvements in safety and bacterial concerns compared to traditional methods will be discussed.
51 Navigating the Complicated Landscape of Engagement with Indigenous Communities
Marcel Pelletier, AECOM Canada
Engagement with Indigenous communities in the United States and Canada is rapidly changing how resource development and infrastructure projects are conducted. Navigating this contemporary and evolving legal and social reality can be challenging for all parties. By providing examples of recent project work, the authors suggest that Tribal Engagement requires an understanding of some basic principles. Starting with the concept that Consultation is about access to land or permits and Engagement represents access to training, jobs and decision-making, the authors use their experiences to provide guidance on successful ways to engage Native American tribes. This involves moving beyond simple transactional relationships typical in consultation towards the development of mutual understanding, respect and collaboration on infrastructure projects.
67 Leveraging Human Performance Tools to Improve Safety and Reliability
Katerina Bond, Chevron
Although Human Performance (aka Human Factors) is not new science, understanding how it is used to improve performance continues to gain traction in many industries. Kat will share how Chevron uses Human Performance and leverages the frontline worker most familiar with the work, to learn and improve. High risk/high consequence industries such as oil and gas extraction benefit from the application and integration of principles and concepts to identify latent conditions and reduce error likely situations from complex operations. Participants in this session will leave with three (3) ways to apply Human Performance to improve event analysis.
69 New Developments in Pipeline River Crossing Inspection Programs
Gillian Robert, MDA Geospatial Services
Extreme weather events have heightened the awareness of pipeline operators to the integrity threat of weather and outside force (WOF). The effects of flooding from significant rain falls and hurricanes have been an area of particular focus. This presentation will provide novel approaches using satellite technology and advanced data analytics to monitoring and assessment of locations where pipeline cross rivers, streams, or other water bodies as a means of evaluating WOF impacts. The presentation will discuss the lessons learned in the initial application of the methods being developed for determining changes to river course, flooding, direct and indirect indications of erosion/avulsion of streambanks, and other concerns that could affect pipeline integrity at water crossings.
88 Satellite Radar Interferometry - New Opportunities for Pipeline Integrity Management
Synthetic Aperture Radar interferometry (InSAR) is a computationally intensive process that uses matched pairs of radar raster images of the Earth's surface acquired from the same position above the Earth, calculates the line-of-sight distance from the satellite to the ground for each image pixel, and displays results as a map of differences. The differences must be interpreted with respect to vegetation, terrain, and geology. This technology emerged in the 1990s and has been applied to pipeline alignments in a variety of settings with varying success because of its inherent limitations, the frequency and wavelength of the available radar sensors, and details of the orbit. A pair of radar satellites, launched in 2014 and 2016, overcame much of the limitations. The pair of satellites operate in a 12-day repeat-pass orbit with both ascending and descending look directions, and provide interferograms with pixel size on the order of 3.5m and spatial resolution on the order of 9m. The radar sensor results in an ability to detect line-of-sight changes of a few millimeters. The cost is much less than it was a few years ago. The new opportunities for pipeline integrity management come with availability of high-quality data, repeated coverage every 12 days, ability to detect small changes, and lower cost. Examples of InSAR results extracted along alignments in areas of potash mine ground subsidence, erosion and deposition resulting from a post-wildfire storm event, and ground stability will be used to describe the technology and demonstrate its utility for pipeline integrity management.
Program Coming Soon
Application Deadline: March 1, 2019
Artwork Deadline: March 1, 2019
Control Room Forum Sponsor Application and Agreement
Application Deadline: March 1, 2019
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