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Energy Tomorrow Blog

The Collision Between U.S.-China Trade Policy and LNG Exports

liquid natural gas  lng exports  trade  china 

Dean Foreman

Dean Foreman
Posted January 14, 2019

The U.S. set new natural gas and oil production and export records in the fourth quarter of 2018, even as the administration's trade war with China continued to escalate. As 2018 trade figures have become clear, an emerging consequence was decreased U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes to China, which fell by around 20 percent from 2017, as these shipments became subject to a 10 percent Chinese import tariff effective Sept. 24.

Americans should care about the health of these U.S. natural gas exports because growing markets for domestic natural gas can generate economic growth at home by helping stimulate additional natural gas development, more than is needed to supply domestic demand; attract multi-billion-dollar U.S. investments in infrastructure – including pipelines, natural gas processing, LNG liquefaction, export facilities and shipping – and the high-quality jobs and wages that accompany these; and more.


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U.S. LNG Exports: Room to Grow

lng exports  liquefied natural gas  trade  economic growth  production 

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted January 3, 2019

A new chapter in U.S. natural gas exports is unfolding before our very eyes – and with it, strengthened American energy influence abroad, increased trade and support for domestic natural gas production and jobs.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) projects that 2019 will see U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) export capacity will reach nearly 9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) by year’s end, up from EIA’s 2018 estimate of 4.9 Bcf/d. The U.S. would rank third in the world behind Australia and Qatar. 

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U.S. Energy, Jobs Continue to Be Impacted By Trade War

trade  exports  oil and natural gas  jobs 

Kyle Isakower

Kyle Isakower
Posted January 2, 2019

Trade talks at the recent G-20 might have produced a ceasefire for one front in the trade war, but collateral damage continues to mount.

Before the holidays, retailers warned that the Trump administration’s tariff policies could raise prices on everything “from cribs to Christmas lights.” They were right. The Tariffs Hurt the Heartland coalition recently announced that Americans would pay more to light the tree this year. The vast majority of our holiday lights come from China, which means they were subject to a new 10 percent tariff this year – another casualty in the ongoing, multi-front trade war. …

Likewise, tariff and quota policies are hitting America’s natural gas and oil industry from multiple directions. We can’t operate without steel to drill wells that produce energy; operate refineries that turn it into gasoline and a variety of other essentials; and build pipelines, liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminals and petrochemicals plants.


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Texas and Continuing America's Energy Momentum

texas  us energy security  oil and natural gas  trade 

API CEO Mike Sommers

Mike Sommers
Posted October 24, 2018

From prepared remarks at this week at the Lone Star Energy Forum in Houston, hosted by the Texas Oil & Gas Association (TXOGA):

It’s great to be back in Texas. And it’s a privilege to share a stage with some of the most steadfast advocates for U.S. energy leadership starting right here in Texas. TXOGA and API have the same goal, and it’s based on this event’s theme: “Energy Dominance Starts in Texas.” The goal is to make sure that the Energy Dominance that starts in Texas, doesn’t end in Washington, D.C.


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U.S.-Canada-Mexico Agreement Supports U.S. Energy

trade  oil and natural gas  petroleum products  mexico  canada  us energy security 

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted October 3, 2018

Announcement of the United States, Mexico and Canada Agreement (USMCA) – locking in Canada and Mexico as our nation’s closest trading partners – is good news for the U.S. energy renaissance. Attention now turns to Congress, which should ratify the deal....

Because zero or reduced tariffs, market access between the three countries and trade liberalization all worked to the benefit of U.S. energy under NAFTA, our industry’s chief goal was an updated agreement was to keep in place features that have supported U.S. energy. USMCA does that – and Americans will be the beneficiaries.


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Trade Policy Impacts on U.S. Energy Becoming Visible

crude oil exports  production  trade  monthly-stats-report 

Dean Foreman

Dean Foreman
Posted September 20, 2018

In API’s latest Industry Outlook and Monthly Statistical Report, we have shifted from recognizing risks on the horizon to having a line of sight on some of them.  The effects of trade disputes in particular have become tangible.

Most notably, at the same time as the U.S. celebrated another new record for crude oil production of 10.8 million barrels per day (mb/d), U.S. petroleum exports decreased by 1.3 mb/d over the past two months.  

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CNBC Report Underscores Tariff Obstacles for U.S. Energy

trade  pipelines  oil and natural gas 

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted August 28, 2018

API’s Kyle Isakower is featured in a CNBC report that estimates new steel tariffs are adding $40 million to Permian Basin pipeline costs. At issue is Plains All-American’s $1.1 billion pipeline project that would bring crude oil from the Permian to the Gulf Coast. As detailed in this post, Plains requested an exclusion from the tariff for its project, but it was denied by the Commerce Department. …

Far from being part of an “energy dominance” strategy, the administration’s tariffs on steel – including an onerous, opaque exclusions process – and other recent trade-related policies could hinder domestic natural gas and oil development, as well as infrastructure such as pipelines that is needed to fully benefit U.S. consumers.


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More Section 301 Tariffs Will Hurt Industry, the Economy and Consumers

trade  consumers  energy 

Jessica  Lutz

Jessica Lutz
Posted August 21, 2018

The U.S. is leading the world in the production and refining of natural gas and oil which is boosting our economy, keeping energy affordable for consumers and benefitting American workers. Despite these facts the Trump administration continues to push policies that work against domestic energy production. Proposed additional Section 301 tariffs – and the retaliatory tariffs from China that they could provoke – follow a similar pattern. 

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Record Oil Output, Yet Dip in Petroleum Exports Suggests Tariffs’ Effect

crude oil exports  oil production  trade 

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted August 16, 2018

Lots of positive energy data points in API’s newest Monthly Statistical Report – and one that’s potentially concerning.

The good is that the U.S. tied its record for crude oil production in July at 10.7 million barrels per day (b/d) and set a new one for natural gas liquids, 4.4 million b/d. With total liquids production up by more than 2 million b/d compared to July 2017, the U.S. has accounted for almost all of the growth in world oil production so far in 2018 – more than compensating for production losses elsewhere around the world.

Now the potential point of concern. The U.S. petroleum trade balance retreated in July, perhaps the result – at least in part – of trade tensions prompted by new U.S. tariffs. Crude export were down 240,000 b/d last month, and refined products exports decreased 220,000 b/d.


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Don’t Let U.S. LNG Exports Become Casualty of Tariff Policy

trade  lng exports  liquefied natural gas  china 

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted August 8, 2018

A couple of observations on China’s announcement late last week that it may impose a 25 percent tariff on U.S. shipments of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to that country – which would be in retaliation for announced U.S. tariffs on certain Chinese goods coming into this country.

First, China was the third-largest importer of U.S. LNG in 2017, accounting for nearly 15 percent of our LNG exports, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).  As those numbers indicate, this exchange of tariffs could leave a mark as far as U.S. energy exports are concerned. ...

If U.S. energy exports are restricted – at the same time trade policies have been adopted that increase the cost of the steel our industry uses – there’s a risk of significantly affecting a sector that has been a driving force for economic growth. It’s a big price to pay. 

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